this is a recent (as in I finished it tonight) essay I did for one of my classes. enjoy. also if you have anything to add please do so. I want all the info I can get!!! I did not find info on LGBT+ affected by the wage gap. I would love some info on that!
The Female to Male Wage Gap
Statistically the wage gap goes something like this; white men, other men, white ladies, black ladies, Latina ladies, other ladies. Some people like to pretend that the gap doesn’t exist. But most everyone including the Department of Labor knows that it does exist. Despite laws stating that it should not. In the continuing pages I would like to discuss that gap and attempt to figure out a way to get rid of it.
Serena Fong of Catalyst*, said that there is a gender based leadership gap as well as a pay gap. She states that over 98% of Fortune 500 companies have male CEO’s, and that the salary studies (also conducted by Catalyst) show that women at these companies start off with $4,600 less than their male counterparts, even accounting for differences in education and experience.
According to the article Ten Graphs That Show Babies Aren’t Solely to Blame For The Wage Gap written by Sarah Mirk and published by Bitch Media in April of 2014. The wage gap exists in every state. It is affected by race, gender, state of residence, age, education, profession, and whether you have children or not.
Like the title states, they show and briefly discuss ten graphs. The most current years in each graph range from 2009 to 2012. Some do not list a year. Most do not list race.
The first graph covers the gap between what men and women with children make. In America it is a 22% difference. With a 5-7% increase for every new child a woman has. That is about average.
The second graph shows the percentage of moms making more money than their husbands. The percent has gone up A LOT sense 1967. From 11.7 in 1967 to 41.4 in 2009 with moms as sole breadwinners. While households with either a mom breadwinner or co-breadwinners went from 27.7 in 1967 to 63.9 in 2009. Although nothing much has changed on that front sense 2007. FYI that’s 10 years. Ten years of what someone is being paid, staying the same. The cost of everything has gone up sense then. Why not wages?
The third and fourth graphs, discusses the gap by state and birth rate (if you are of prime child bearing ages). In Arkansas its 74.6% however if you are ages 15-44 it goes down to 67.5. the widest gap was in Wyoming with 64.3 and70.2. However, in Puerto Rico women make 101.1% and 44.8 compared to what men make.
The fifth graph illustrates race and the gap. It covers men and women of Asian, White non-Hispanic, Hispanic, and Black races. It sadly does not cover First Nations or Immigrants. It shows from 1971 to 2011. From around 2010 Asian men made more than anyone else. With white men being the next closest. Followed by Asian Women, Black Men, Hispanic Men, with white women, Black women, and Hispanic women bringing up the rear. It should be noted that the latest data in this graph is from 2011 and that there is a large gap between white men and Asian Women.
Graph number six covers three races, educational levels and the year 2012. It covers White Women, African American Women and Hispanic Women. All ranging in education from less than a high school diploma to an advanced degree. Women with an advanced degree make the most. However White Women with an advanced degree make THE most.
Graphs seven and eight converge age and education. They show what we all know by now. That no matter what men make more. Have kids? Don’t have kids? In your prime working years? CEO of a Business? Men still make more.
Nine covers education and gender. While earning goes up with a college education, men still make more. The most recent year is 2010 and it looks like men make about 7,000 more annually.
Ten shows the earnings of women by industry in 2009. With a bunch of dots. The bigger the dot, the more women. the smallest dot, that is also highest up on the graph is mining and oil. The largest dot is health and education with an average gap of 80% the nicest gap is in construction with better than 90% parity. That means that it is very, very similar to what men make. However, there are not a lot of women in this field at all. We are taught that it is a man’s job. “It’s too hard on the body for women”. “It’s not lady like…”. I can tell you from my own personal experience that women can do this job.
Let’s see what we can do to make this gap a page in a history book. Now we all know that women make 77-54 (possibly less for first nations women and immigrants). There are some things we can do as a WHOLE to change this. So lets dig in and start the next steps.
*******PLEASE NOTE***** This essay does not include studies based on any one sexual orientation, religion, sexual preference or any such things as I do not currently have that data.
*Catalyst is a nonprofit membership organization dedicated to expanding opportunities for women in business.
“GENDER-BASED WAGE GAP PERSISTS, EXPERTS AGREE AT EEOC FORUM.” States News Service, 28 Apr. 2011. Academic OneFile, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=AONE&sw=w&u=lftla_pultch&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA255058785&it=r&asid=3abe80e2d71b42a867f722c4653d93ed. Accessed 19 Nov. 2017.
Ten Graphs That Show Babies Aren’t Solely to Blame for the Wage Gap
by Sarah Mirk
04/12/2016 08:16 am ET Updated Dec 13, 2016 No, The Gender Pay Gap Isn’t A Myth — And Here’s Why On Equal Pay Day, a reminder: The gender wage gap is very real.
By Catherine Pearson https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/no-the-gender-pay-gap-isnt-a-myth-and-heres-why_us_5703cb8de4b0a06d5806e03f
04/14/2015 02:11 pm ET Updated Apr 30, 2015 10 Things We Need To Do To Close The Wage Gap By Alanna Vagianos https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/14/things-we-need-to-do-to-close-wage-gap_n_7056322.html